Chemical elements
  Phosphorus
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Preparation
    Applications
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Alkali Phosphides
      Alkaline Earth Phosphides
      Copper Silver and Gold Phosphides
      Zinc Group Phosphides
      Aluminium Phosphide
      Titanium Group Phosphides
      Tin Phosphides
      Lead Phosphides
      Arsenic Phosphides
      Antimony Phosphides
      Bismuth Phosphides
      Chromium Phosphides
      Molybdenum and Tungsten Phosphides
      Manganese Phosphides
      Iron Phosphides
      Cobalt Phosphides
      Phosphonium Chloride
      Phosphonium Bromide
      Phosphonium Iodide
      Hydrogen Phosphides
      Alkylphosphines
      Phosphorus Trifluoride
      Phosphorus Pentafluoride
      Phosphorus Trifluorodichloride
      Phosphorus Trifluorodibromide
      Fluophosphoric Acid
      Phosphorus Dichloride
      Phosphorus Trichloride
      Phosphorus Pentachloride
      Phosphorus Chlorobromides
      Phosphorus Chloroiodides
      Phosphorus Tribromide
      Phosphorus Pentabromide
      Phosphorus Diiodide
      Phosphorus Triiodide
      Phosphorus Oxytrifluoride
      Phosphorus Oxychloride
      Pyrophosphoryl Chloride
      Metaphosphoryl Chloride
      Phosphoryl Monochloride
      Phosphoryl Dichlorobromide
      Phosphoryl Chlorodibromide
      Phosphoryl Tribromide
      Metaphosphoryl Bromide
      Phosphoryl Oxyiodides
      Phosphorus Thiotrifluoride
      Phosphorus Thiotrichloride
      Phosphorus Thiotribromide
      Mixed Phosphorus Thiotrihalides
      Phosphorus Suboxides
      Phosphorus Trioxide
      Phosphorus Dioxide
      Phosphorus Pentoxide
      Hypophosphorous Acid
      Phosphorous Acid
      Meta- and Pyro-phosphorous Acids
      Hypophosphoric Acid
      Tetraphosphorus Trisulphide
      Diphosphorus Trisulphide
      Tetraphosphorus Heptasulphide
      Phosphorus Pentasulphide
      Phosphorus Oxysulphides
      Phosphorus Thiophosphites
      Phosphorus Thiophosphates
      Phosphorus Selenophosphates
      Phosphorus Sulphoselenides
      Diamidophosphorous Acid
      Phosphorus Triamide
      Monamidophosphoric Acid
      Diamidophosphoric Acid
      Triamidophosphoric Acid
      Dimetaphosphimic Acid ≡P=
      Trimetaphosphimic Acid
      Tetrametaphosphimic Acid
      Penta- and Hexametaphosphimic Acid
      Monamidodiphosphoric Acid
      Diamidodiphosphoric Acid
      Triamidodiphosphoric Acid
      Nitrilotrimetaphosphoric acid
      Monothioamidophosphoric Acids
      Thiophosphoryl Nitride
      Di- Tri-imido- and -amido-thiophosphates
      Imidotrithiophosphoric Acid =
      Phosphorus Chloronitrides
      Triphosphonitrilic Chloride
      Tetraphosphonitrilic Chloride
      Pentaphosphonitrilic Chloride
      Hexaphosphonitrilic Chloride
      Heptaphosphonitrilic Chloride
      Triphosphonitrilic Bromide
      Phosphorus Halonitrides
      Phosphorus Nitride
      Phosphine
      Pyrophosphoric Acid
      Phosphoric acids
    Slow Oxidation
    Phosphatic Fertilisers

Cobalt Phosphides






The phosphides of this metal are produced by similar methods. Co2P has a maximum freezing-point of 1386° C., and the eutectic between this and the freezing-point of the pure metal is at 1022° C. and corresponds to 16.6 per cent, of phosphorus.

The combination of phosphorus with nickel was studied by Pelletier, Davy and Maronneau (loc. cit.), also by Lampadius and Berthier. The methods included heating reduced nickel in the vapour of PCl3, heating copper phosphide and nickel in an electric arc furnace, the precipitation of a solution of the sulphate by nascent PH3 derived from phosphorus and alkali. The thermal diagram of the nickel-nickel phosphide system showed a first eutectic on the nickel side at about 886° C. and 11 per cent, phosphorus. The first compound Ni3P freezes at about 965° C., the second, Ni5P2, at about 1185° C. The compound Ni2P crystallised from the melt in grey needles at about 1112° C.; it is insoluble in single acids, but is attacked by chlorine or fused alkali. This compound was also made by heating copper phosphide and nickel in an electric arc furnace and by several of the methods mentioned above. Ni3P2 and Ni2P3 have also been reported.

Some of the metals of the platinum group, including platinum itself, form phosphides. These alloys were investigated in a qualitative manner by Pelletier, Granger and others. The compound Pt5P3, formed by heating finely divided platinum with phosphorus at a white heat, was a white substance of metallic appearance, which lost phosphorus when heated, giving Pt2P, and platinum when treated with aqua regia, leaving PtP. These compounds were insoluble in single acids and either slightly soluble or insoluble in aqua regia. The black precipitate produced by the action of PH3 on PtCl4 may be a hydrophosphide Pt(H2P2).


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